probation ne demek

Probation: An Overview

Meaning in English:

Probation is a legal term that refers to a period of supervision and rehabilitation for individuals who have been convicted of a crime but have not been sentenced to imprisonment. During probation, the individual is required to comply with certain conditions, such as reporting to a probation officer, attending counseling or treatment programs, and refraining from committing further crimes.

Meaning in Turkish:

Probation, bir suçtan hüküm giymiş ancak hapis cezasına çarptırılmamış kişiler için bir denetim ve rehabilitasyon sürecidir. Denetim süresi boyunca, kişinin denetim memuruna rapor vermesi, danışmanlık veya tedavi programlarına katılması ve başka suçlar işlemekten kaçınması gibi belirli koşullara uyması gerekir.

Types of Probation

There are various types of probation, including:

  • Unsupervised probation: The individual is not required to report to a probation officer or attend any programs.
  • Supervised probation: The individual is required to report to a probation officer on a regular basis and may be required to attend counseling or treatment programs.
  • Intensive supervised probation (ISP): A more intensive form of probation that involves frequent contact with a probation officer and strict monitoring of the individual’s behavior.
  • Electronic monitoring: The individual is required to wear an electronic device that tracks their location and activities.

Conditions of Probation

The conditions of probation are determined by the court and may vary depending on the individual’s circumstances and the nature of the crime they committed. Common conditions include:

  • Reporting to a probation officer on a regular basis
  • Attending counseling or treatment programs
  • Refraining from committing further crimes
  • Maintaining employment or attending school
  • Paying fines or restitution
  • Submitting to drug or alcohol testing
  • Avoiding contact with certain individuals or places

Benefits of Probation

Probation offers several benefits, including:

  • Reduced risk of recidivism: Probation provides individuals with support and supervision, which can help reduce the likelihood of them committing further crimes.
  • Rehabilitation and treatment: Probation can provide access to counseling, treatment programs, and other resources that can help individuals address the underlying causes of their criminal behavior.
  • Community protection: Probation can help protect the community by monitoring and supervising individuals who have been convicted of crimes.
  • Cost-effectiveness: Probation is generally less expensive than imprisonment.

Revocation of Probation

If an individual violates the conditions of their probation, the court may revoke their probation and sentence them to imprisonment. Common reasons for probation revocation include:

  • Committing a new crime
  • Failing to report to a probation officer
  • Failing to attend counseling or treatment programs
  • Using drugs or alcohol
  • Associating with known criminals


Probation is a valuable tool for the criminal justice system. It provides individuals with an opportunity to rehabilitate themselves and avoid imprisonment while also protecting the community. By understanding the meaning, types, conditions, benefits, and potential consequences of probation, individuals can make informed decisions about their future.